S-400 Triumf – The Power of the World’s Most Advanced Air Defense System

S-400 凱旋 –世界上最先進的防空系統的能力

December 15, 2020


The S-400 is intended to engage aircraft, ballistic and cruise missiles, within the range of 400km, at an altitude of up to 30km.




With the ability to maneuver with a high-precision missile system, with a range of up to 400 km, experts say the S-400 is one of the most powerful air defense systems in the world.


The Russian S-400, known as the “Triumf” at home and better known to NATO as the SA-21 “Growler”, previously known as the S-300 PMU-3. It is an anti-aircraft weapon system developed in the 1990s by Russia’s Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. It has been in service with the Russian Armed Forces since 2007. The S-400 uses four missiles to fill its performance envelope.

俄羅斯的 S-400,在國內被稱為“凱旋” ,北約更熟悉的名稱是 SA-21“咆哮者” ,以前被稱為 S-300 PMU-3。它是俄羅斯阿爾馬茲中央設計局在上世紀90年代開發的防空武器系統,是 S-300系列的升級產品。自2007年以來,它一直服役于俄羅斯武裝部隊。S-400使用了四枚導彈執行它的任務。

Development of the S-400 system began in the late 1980s, and the system was announced by the Russian Air Force in January 1993. The first tests were performed in 1999. Development was finally completed in 2004. After a lot of testing, In 2007, the system was approved for service.


The S-400 is also aimed at the export customers. China is the first country outside Russia that owns this air defense system. Turkey and India have ordered S-400 complexes worth billions of dollars despite warnings from the US. Countries like Qatar and Saudi Arabia have also expressed interest in buying S-400 to strengthen their defenses. S-400 Triumf and Pantsir missile system can be integrated into a two-layer defense system.

S-400也面向出口客戶。中國是俄羅斯外第一個擁有這種防空系統的國家。土耳其和印度不顧美國的警告,訂購了價值數十億美元的 S-400設備??ㄋ柡蜕程匕⒗葒脖硎居信d趣購買 S-400強化防御。S-400凱旋潘迪爾導彈系統可以組合成一個雙層防御系統。

System configuration


The S-400 is intended to engage aircraft, ballistic and cruise missiles, within the range of 400km, at an altitude of up to 30km. The system can simultaneously engage 36 targets. The S-400 Triumph air defence system integrates a multifunction radar, autonomous detection and targeting systems, anti-aircraft missile systems, launchers, and command and control centre.


The S-400 can also launch missiles of the S-300PMU2. A single TEL vehicle can carry a mix of four missiles, depending on specific threat environment.

S-400還可以發射 S-300PMU2型導彈。根據特別的緊急情況,一輛 TEL 車可以搭載四枚導彈。

The first missile added to the system is the very-long-range 40N6. It has a claimed range of 400 km. This missile has active radar homing and is used against AWACS, J-STARS, EA-6B support jammers and other high value targets.

該系統配備的第一種導彈是超遠程40N6。據稱它的射程為400公里。這種導彈有主動雷達導引,用于對付 AWACS、 J-STARS、 EA-6B 電子戰飛機和其他高價值目標。

The second missile added is the long-range 48N6 with a maximum range of 230 km.


It can be said that the S-400 is the real game changer. The 9M96E2 is one of the jewels of the S-400 system. It flies at Mach 15, it can engage targets as low as 5 meters off the ground, and it can maneuver pulling up to 20 Gs. It is designed to knock out penetrating aircraft and missiles flying “off the deck” or just above ground and neutralize cruise missiles.

可以說 S-400是真正的游戲規則改變者。9M96E2是 S-400系統的寶貝之一。它以15馬赫的速度飛行,可以攻擊距地面5米以上的目標,可以機動到20g。它的目的是擊毀“飛離甲板”或僅僅在地平線上飛行的犀利的飛機和導彈,并防御巡航導彈。

Sensor and radar systems


The S-400 has optional acquisition radars designed to defeat modern stealth aircraft such as the F-22 and the F-35. They work by operating in multiple frequency bands including both VHF and L bands that can “see” stealth-protected fighters.

S-400有光學探測雷達,用于擊敗例如 F-22和 F-35等現代隱形戰機。他們的工作在多種頻段,包括VHF頻和L波段,可以“看到”隱形戰斗機。

The fire control and target tracking radar of the S-400 is the 92N6E. The radar is based on the MZKT-7930 8×8 vehicle. The 96L6 Cheese Board 3D surveillance and tracking radar is optionally carried by the same vehicle when the S-400 battery is deployed autonomously.

S-400的火控和目標跟蹤雷達是92N6E。該雷達裝在 mzkt-79308 × 8運輸車上。當 S-400自動部署時,96L6 Cheese Board 3D 監視和跟蹤雷達方便地由同一輛車攜帶。

The S-400 is two-times more effective than previous Russian air defence systems and can be deployed within five minutes. It can also be integrated into the existing and future air defence units of the Air Force, Army, and the Navy.




The Russians have definitely made a breakthrough with sales of weapons to some NATO countries with uncertain futures in the bloc and strong US client countries such as Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states such as the UAE.


But all the above specifications are only on paper. We haven’t seen any real battle with S-400 to see its true power. Let’s wait and see.

但是上述所有的規格都只是紙上談兵。我們還沒有看到任何 S-400實戰記錄,看到它的真正力量。讓我們拭目以待。